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دانشنامه افغانستان - ابومعشر بلخی
شنبه 1391/03/27

ابومعشر بلخی

   نوشته شده توسط: فریدون احدی    

                    ابومعشر بلخی
این دانشمند بزرگ شرقی از یک خانوده تازه مسلمان در شهر بلخ بدنیا آمد. آورده اند موقعی که  او  طلبه ای پیش  نبود، یک
روز استادش بالای منبر گفت:مردی بنام بیدبخت دربغدادهیئت
ونجوم تدریس می کند درحالی که از پیروان بودا و بت پرست
است-همین شخص وقتی نزد خلیفه می رود همه به او تعظیم و
تکربم می نمایند وبا عزت واحترام او را نزد خلیفه می نشانند.
هیچکس خبر ندارد که اوکافر است و فقط من به  اسرار  اوپی
برده ام.
ابومشعر که خیلی متعصب بودبا شنیدن این سخنان دشنه  زهر
آگینی در زیر لباسش مخفی می کند و به بغداد می رود تا استاد
بیدبخت  را به  قتل برساند. همین که  وارد مجلس درس او می
شود ناگهان آن استاد به (ابومشعر) می گوید: فرزندم از  راهی
دور آمده ای کارد زهرآگین به زیرلباست قرار داده ای که مرا
به قتل برسانی از این کارتوبه کن.اکنون برخیزوباشاگردان من
مصافحه کن تو در نجوم و ریاضیات استادی نامورخواهی شد.
ابومشعر وقتی این سخنان را شنید مات و مبهوت  ماند و دست
استاد را بوسید وگفت:استاد بزرگوار چگونه به  حال  من  آگاه
شدید؟استاد بیدبخت از جزوه دان خود او راقی را بیرون کشید
وگفت:«عادت من بر این است که هرشب واقعه فردای خود را
با حساب نجومی استخراج کنم.دیشب بنابر حساب دانستم  فراد
جوانی به صورت دانشجو با کارد زهر آگین به قصد کشتن من
می آید-وقتی امروز تو را دیدم یقین دانستم که توهمان شخصی
هستی که چشم براهش بودم »ابومشعر نزدهمین استاد تحصیلا
تش را در نجوم و حکمت  و ریاضیات منحصر ساخت.
از کتابهای او : اثبات  علم النجوم،  کتاب الامصار، کتاب الجمهره،
اسرارالنجوم و تقویم البدان است که از حیث وقت محاسبات نجومی
و صحت احکامی بی نظیر شناخته شده است.پادشاهان و امرای وقت
نسبت به نظرها و احکام ابومشعر اعتقادی کامل داشتند.اوقریب چهل
کتاب در علم نجوم تالیف کرد.
 ابومشعر بلخی درسال 272 هجری  قمری  در  سن  صد سالگی در
شهر واسطه بدرود حیات گفت.
  


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